There is always room for dessert, as the popular saying said. It can means that most of people have a sweet tooth. Probably you do. Can you say no to an ice-cream in hot weather? Or a cola after some jogging? Maybe that delicious chocolate cake to make your dinner perfect?
All those food tastes heavenly, until you know how much sugar they contain. Did you know that 1 can of Coca Cola contain 35 grams of sugar? While the daily sugar intake recommendation is no more than 25 grams for women, and 38 grams for men. It means that you shouldn’t drink or eat any sugary products after a can of cola.
You probably already know that consuming too much sugar, is not good for health. One of the disease resulting by consuming too much sugar is diabetes. Other than that it can lead to obesity. Did you know that diabetes is seventh leading cause of death in United States?
Knowing your blood sugar level can help. This way, you can know when to stop or when to go to your doctor or hospital. By knowing on what state you are, you also can prevent having a diabetes or just having a good diet.
What is Blood Sugar?
The amount of glucose (sugar) in your blood is known as blood sugar or blood glucose level. It is measured in millimoles per litre (mmol/l).
The glucose in our blood increase as we consumed carbohydrate. Carbohydrate is the main energy source for human body. In our body, the carbohydrate will break down and form glucose in our blood.
There is a limited range of blood sugar levels that make the brain function normally. This mean if you consume too much or too less sugar, it could cause bad effect for your health.
Why Monitoring Blood Sugar is Important for You?
By knowing your blood sugar level, you can prepare of what’s coming. And for a people that been already diagnosed with diabetes, it is important to check it daily, to know when to stop eating sugary products, or when to go to your doctor. This way you can manage your diabetes to maintain your daily sugar intake.
People who have pancreatitis, hyperthyroidism or cushing’s syndrome is also encouraged to monitor their blood sugar level daily. And for women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, it is also important to monitor the blood sugar levels to ensure your well-being.
How To Monitor Your Blood Sugar and What It Says About Your Health
The normal blood sugar should be:
4 to 7 mmol/l before meals
<10 mmol/l one to two hours after meals
8 mmol/l at bedtime
If your blood sugar level isin this category, you should contact your doctor:
>15-20 mmol/l when fasting
<3-4 mmol/l when fasting
Diabetes is a condition the blood sugar runs too high, caused when the body doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t use insulin. Insulin function to let the blood sugar into the body cell’s. When the body can’t use insulin, the blood sugar stays in the bloodstream and can cause other serious health problem like heart disease, kidney disease and a loss of vision.
- Type 1. Diabetes that caused by autoimmune reaction and causes the body to stop making insulin.
- Type 2. Diabetes that caused when the body doesn’t use insulin well and can’t keep blood sugar at normal levels.
- Gestational Diabetes. Diabetes that develops in pregnant women.
- Prediabetes. Blood sugar that higher than normal, but is not enough to be diagnosed as type 2.
When To Check Your Blood Sugar?
- For Normal People
- For People with Diabetes Type 1: Check your blood sugar 1 time daily, in the morning before breakfast or at bedtime
- For People with Diabetes Type 2: Check your blood sugar 2 times daily, in the morning before breakfast and at bedtime
- For People on Insulin Treatment: Check your blood sugar 2 times daily, in the morning before breakfast and at bedtime
- For People with Diabetes Type 2 and On Special Diet / Oral Tablet Medication: Check your blood sugar 1-2 times weekly, before mealtime or 1-2 hours after meal.
It is better to have a blood sugar journal, where you keep records after each checking. This way you can monitor your blood sugar level. Don’t forget to take it to your doctor if you are in diabetes treatment program.
Or you can download the app that records your blood glucose level. Some even come with graphs and charts!
How to Choose Blood Sugar Monitor
If you choose to have a portable blood sugar monitor at home, you are doing the right thing! The next thing to do is finding a good and accurate glucometer that can support you.
Consider if the glucometer is easy to use and easy to maintain before buying it. Is it easy to use? Is it easy to see the result?
Some of glucometers also come with special features like large, buttons and test strips, some even come with audio that is useful for people with impaired vision.
Nowadays, there is a glucometer that can record your blood sugar test, and can be downloaded to a computer or mobile device.
How To Use Blood Sugar Monitor At Home
Here are the instructions how to use it:
1. Before use, wash and dry your hands
2. Insert the strip into the glucometer
3. Prick your fingertip with the needle / lancet
4. Squeeze or massage your finger until there is a form of blood
5. Put your finger and hold it on the edge of strip to drop the blood
6. Wait until the meter display your blood sugar level
7. Records your blood sugar level on journal. Write the result and the time when you took the test.
Check the battery before use.
Remember to re-calibrate the monitor to get more accurate result.
Always store it at dry place
Always replace the cap immediately after use
Check the expiry date
If you got abnormal result and not sure about it, you can do the following things:
Before using the blood sugar monitor, check if the strips are expired or not. To have accurate result, the strip has to be the right one for the meter, make sure it is in the best condition and haven’t been affected by climate, heat or too much light.
You have to put the right amount of blood. Don’t forget to wash your hands before taking the test,
It is recommended to consult with your doctor to find a blood sugar monitor that is right for you.
Having a glucometer is important to help you monitor your health. It can help you maintain a healthy diet, and prevent diabetes. If you are already diagnosed with diabetes, you can prevent more possible diabetes complication like kidney or vision problems by monitoring your sugar level.
It is better to be safe than sorry!
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