What does MDF mean in wood? What are the pros & cons of MDF?


MDF refers to Medium Density Fibre-Board and offers you a more affordable alternative to solid wood. Although it is more affordable, the quality of the material is never compromised. In the past few years, there has been rapid advancement in flat-pack furniture being manufactured with MDF. MDF wood Board brings you easily affordable wood-like furniture as it offers lower material costs and it is easier to store. The MDF is prepare from the recycled timer and fiber materials along with resin-based glue further compacted tightly together. It has a low installation cost, that fits into the budget of most people. MDF comes in custom sizes as per the required installation. 

How is MDF made? 

MDF is a special kind of engineered composite wood which is similar to particle wood board but comes with much denser and stronger features. As MDF is made up of very small wood fibres it has no chance of wood grain. And they compress tightly it at high temperature, there is no chance of any voids in the sheets, unlike solid wood. The technical evolution has made many manufacturers turn to engineered wood and trends like flat-pack furniture that is floating in the wood market. Such evolutions to new affordable materials have made manufacturing reach a level of quality as well as affordability both at the same time. 

Advantages of MDF furniture :

  • Cost-efficient: MDF’s furniture is easily affordable as it uses sawdust and small chippings of other timbers as its core material. All these products are waste products from the machining process hence much cheaper than solid wood and plywood. 
  • Variety in size: MDF Wood Board comes in various shapes and sizes in about more than 100 different varieties. starting right from 2mm and reaching up to 60mm. The wide varieties make it easy for the customers to get exactly their “choice”.
  • Smooth cuts and surfaces: MDF prepares its boards after extreme compression during the manufacturing process promising the durability of the wood. The manufacturing process includes the usage of steel plates which make the final product highly flat and smooth. The MDF Wood Board does not show splinters or voids caused due to natural knots and grain in wood, unlike other solid wood or plywood.
  • Less warping issues: These Boards promise to stay tough even during high humidity and moisture, unlike solid wood. MDF’s consistency to shrink and expand without letting distinct parts of grain working against each other makes it highly promising for all types of weather.
  • Material Consistency: These do not have a directional grain which makes it very easy to cut the board for intricate detail or molding. 
  • Hard to flex or crack: The fact that MDF is made from Wood filings and compressed very tightly with the glue hence not making it flex or crack easily even in moisture. 
  • Easy to paint and seal: compared to solid wood MDF is easier to sand and prime that too without worrying about the looks or worsen knots as it lacks any knots or voids. 

Disadvantages of MDF Furniture :

  • Light shades of colour: If you want the MDF wood to have exactly the same colour and shine from the same paint and lubricant as that of normal solid wood then it will not happen as the MDF wood will absorb a little more of the paint hence, it will end up giving a lighter shade to the colour. 
  • Restrictions of the finishing: As this wood uses machining processing materials, it sometimes becomes difficult to give it the perfect finishing.

Uses of MDF

As every coin has its two sides, Every material has its advantages and disadvantages which leaves us in a dilemma, whether to go for it or continue the search. But at last, what matters is to use a distinct range of materials for different locations in your home. This type of wood promises to be the best choices for some of the particular household furniture like :

  • Cabinetry
  • Shelving
  • Decoratives or moldings


So, after all the detailed study we can conclude that MDF can be an ideal choice for a kitchen renovation and it has more control overlooks and design, basically the out presentation of the overall product. Most urban apartments that have modern architecture use MDF for the interiors. While both engineered and solid wood have some pros and cons, your choice out of the two depends largely on your particular need, budget, and desire for shape, size, placement, and appearance.