Asthmatic bronchitis, emphysema and chronic bronchitis are a group of diseases that comes under chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD. Asthmatic component of COPD can be treated well by the use of oral corticosteroids. COPD is suffered by oral corticosteroids. Oral corticosteroid reduces mucous production, swelling and irritation. A doctor may test these corticosteroids on the patients to see their response to steroids. The trials on the patients will last for three weeks. Use of corticosteroids will be not recommended to patients if there is no immediate response from them on administering.
When the inflammation is very severe, corticosteroid tablets are generally recommended. These corticosteroids will have significant effects on health status, exacerbation and on symptoms. Lung function in Patients that are stable with COPD will be progressed by the use of oral corticosteroids. They can also be used for acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Death rate and hospitalization of COPD patients will be reduced by the use of oral corticosteroids. These oral corticosteroids may cause excessive weight loss and to avoid that one must use them very carefully. Impact of duration of exacerbation can be reduced by the use of oral corticosteroids. These steroids can improve lung function and airflow as well. These oral corticosteroids have increased side effects and risks like osteoporosis and diabetes. For treating acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, oral corticosteroids are used in low doses. If there is an increase in mucus production and the symptoms of COPD worsen, you need to use oral corticosteroids. Despite their use in treating bronchitis, these oral corticosteroids have many side effects.
Risks Involved With Oral Corticosteroids:
Side effects of oral corticosteroids are more seen on long term usage. These side effects include bruising, water retention, increased appetite, puffy face, stomach irritation and also weight gain. Use of oral corticosteroids may also impair bone metabolism. There are chances of cardiac side effects in the elderly population if they use oral corticosteroids continuously for COPD. Continuous use of oral corticosteroids may also lead to acute myocardial infarction and there are many recent studies that give evidence. Use of oral corticosteroids for COPD patients has also resulted in eosinophilic inflammation and other asthma phenotypes. These oral corticosteroids have shown to reduce hospitalization and improve lung function in COPD patients. It also reduces the incidence of failure of treatment or death cases.
Steroids can also be used for other medical purposes and are available in tablets, injection forms. One such steroid injection is masterject eurochem used to gain muscle mass.